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Chess Problems

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tulkos 10 ( +1 | -1 )
Interesting chess facts. anyone have any that they could share with the rest of us?heres one to start it of.
More: Chess
tulkos 15 ( +1 | -1 )
Bobby Fischer Lost a game once to a printer when he missed an inbetween move that the printer could make,which won Fischers Queen!!
absolutegenius 8 ( +1 | -1 )
??? how can a printer play chess??? they just, well, print stuff...
tulkos 5 ( +1 | -1 )
Hey--- Someone puts the chess column in the newspaper.87)
brobishkin 6 ( +1 | -1 )
Interesting Chess Fact... Chess is not won by good moves... Chess is lost by bad moves...

tulkos 240 ( +1 | -1 )
here's something from an old post like this. 1) In a forty year chess career, Steinitz captured a total of 47,963 Pawns.

2) Kieseritzky in one day`s play against all comers sprang the Scholar`s Mate 19 times.

3) In offhand games alone, Morphy sacrificed 52 Queens, 97 Rooks, 136 Knights and 263 Bishops.

4) Buckle write two chapters of his "History of Civilization" while waiting for Williams to make his 25th move in the fourth game of their 1851 match.

5) Colonel Moreau holds the record of the worst score in any one tournament. At Monte Carlo in 1903, he lost twice to every opponent, winding up 26 zeros.

6) Mason made 144 moves in succession with his Queen, against Mackenzie at London in 1882.

7) In ten years of tournament and match play, Capablanca lost only one game.

8) The world`s record for checkmating on the unprotected last rank is held by Paolo Boi, who won 9,647 games by this maneuver.

9) Nimzowitsch doubled Rooks on the 7th rank in 167 tournament games, beating the former mark of 152 held by Zukertort.

10) In the Ostend tournament of 1937, Grob won three games in a row on the time-limit.

11) The record holder of "en passant" captures in one game is Paulsen, who had four of such captures out of six possible in his game against Anderssen at Baden-Baden in 1870.

12) The under-promotion record is still Mackenzie`s: he advanced three pawns to the eight rank and promoted them to Knight, Rook and Bishop in his masterpiece against Winawer at Paris, 1878.

13) Against Bogolyubov at Hastings in 1922, Alekhine sacrificed his Queen, promoted a Pawn to Queen, sacrificed his new Queen, queened another Pawn and sacrificed his third Queen. He was preparing to advance a Pawn for his fourth Queen when Bogolyubov resigned.

14) Rčti fianchettoed both Bishops in 42 games in succession. His lifetime total of fianchettoed Bishops is 2,486.

15) Rubinstein played a grand total of 1,985 games, of which 1,763 were Rook and Pawn endings.

16) Steinitz accepted and held on to 6,327 gambit Pawns offered by his opponents.

17) A. N. Other has snatched 8,645 Pawns in the opening. His lost games total (by sheer coincidence) 8,645 games.

18) World`s record for resigning by sweeping away the pieces and breaking the board over his opponent`s head is held by Ahmed ben Jussof, whose seven in one tournament is still unapproached.

19) In Sumatra, where the natives bet money, clothing and even parts of their bodies, the championship was held, once, by a young man whose name in our languages would be "Lefty".
tulkos 69 ( +1 | -1 )
also,The worst losers in history! Candidates for the title are,

Alexander Alekhine,a notorius tempermental loser,who once resigned spectacularly by hurling his king across the room.
Aaron Nimzovich,another famous loser,once said out loud what we all felt at one time or another.Instead of quietly turning over his King,he lept onto his chair and Bellowed across the Tournament hall,WHY MUST I LOSE TO THIS IDIOT?
Also the lesser known player,John McEnroe,once lost a game because of a fingerslip involving his Queen.unable to contain his despair,he crept back into the tournament hall in the dead of night,and cut the heads off of all the Queens.
anymore candidates?
frodan 3 ( +1 | -1 )
,,,i liked.... ....(18)..interesting way to resign an otb game....
killer_queen 38 ( +1 | -1 )
John McEnroe ? John McEnroe is (was) a tennisplayer who is famous because his exceptional playing strength but also because of his bad sportmanship. He often cursed at his opponents and the referee's. And even threw rackets at them.

Anyway, something went wrong in your translation, it should be that this player got the John McEnroe-award. This was meant to be a joke by the man who wrote this i guess.
tulkos 11 ( +1 | -1 )
yes you are correct. It says,John McEnroe award.The player they were speaking of was Danish,but thats all they say.
philaretus 11 ( +1 | -1 )
William the Conqueror... ....was a keen chessplayer, but when he lost he was liable to fling the board and pieces across the room in a rage.
tulkos 94 ( +1 | -1 )
whoopeee! In the 1993 movie, Searching for Bobby Fischer, the young chess prodigy featured, Josh Waitkens, would go on to win several more national chess titles.

Bobby Fischer and Boris Spasky were offered $5 million to play chess in 1992.

Prime Ministers, presidents and kings have loved chess throughout time. In 1492, when Columbus sought ships from King Ferdinand for his journey to the new world, it is said that he was granted them because the king was in a good mood from winning at chess.

The first world champion of chess was in 1866, Wilhelm Steinitz from Prague.

The second book to be printed in the English language was by William Caxton, The Game and Play of Chess (the first was the bible).

Chess is played in every country in the world. After just two moves for each player, there are over 70,000 different moves that are possible.
tonlesu 49 ( +1 | -1 )
Reuben Fine In his "Psychology of the Chess Player" wrote this about Carlos Torre. Shortly after reaching his greatest eminence as a player he suffered a psychotic episode on a NY city bus. He stripped off all his clothes and ran up and down the aisles naked as a jay-bird. After a short hospitalization he was sent to Monterrey, Mexico where he has since been cared for by his brothers, all physicians. He never again played in an international tournament.
Just a few months earlier he had defeated Lasker in the moscow tournament 1925.
philaretus 32 ( +1 | -1 )
Tulkos You mentioned above that the second book to be printed in English was 'Game and Playe of the Chess' (1476). It has to be said that you wouldn't learn much about playing the game from reading it. It treats Chess as a kind of allegory for social life. But that's also an interesting chess fact....
triangulator 44 ( +1 | -1 )
me i lost a game for the state championship to a 1200 uscf I not only threw every peice on the board off the table but i left a bruise on my forehead because I bangged it into the glass window somwhere around a 100 times. I also now someone that lost to a 1000 and started to bang a eraser of a pencil into his forehead until it wore down to the metal and cut his forehead. is this up there with nimzovich and alekhine?
scotty 13 ( +1 | -1 )
fact 18 i got to say tulkos that was some laugh readin that and the post after it. amazin how people take the game so seriously
v_glorioso12 30 ( +1 | -1 )
in the world open this year, i was losing a game, so i took my red pen and started poking holes in my pants, drawing all over them, and stabbing my leg, and drawing red drips where the blood would have been if the pen wouldve penetrated my skin. there were about 20 people in a circle looking at me being stupid..... ggrrrrrrrrr.........
absolutegenius 21 ( +1 | -1 )
tulkos that threads been before...
i forget the exact quote:
"1 bad move is more worse than 34 excellent moves are good"
it's something like that-dunno where i found it...
scotty 7 ( +1 | -1 )
hey glorioso, u serious? lol.and did it help u overcome u frustration losin the game
v_glorioso12 6 ( +1 | -1 )
no...... i just got madder because the pants cost me like $50.....
tulkos 3 ( +1 | -1 )
Hey,he never said that it did that! anymore interesting bad behavior?87)
v_glorioso12 4 ( +1 | -1 )
this doesnt really have to do with chess, but.... i puched the power button off my tv once......
scotty 21 ( +1 | -1 )
o right. wot happened in the game? to get that mad u musta lost a queen to a pawn or sumtin like that by mistake or get foolsmated. :S neway tulkos u no anymore bad losers @ chess its funny to read about em :o)
chessjunkie 48 ( +1 | -1 )
bad losers Bad losers may sound funny or crazy, but I can identify :P When you're in the moment, you're not rational. Ratings aren't something you should particularly worry about during a game, you should be worrying about how good your moves are. If you give em points, good! The next person to play your opponent won't be so fooled when he pays attention to the new rating! btw, i've never yet performed any losing 'antics'. Hopefully I'll remain in that category of 'bad-loser-only-for-a-few-hours'. Who's with me? :P
alar 33 ( +1 | -1 )
First book about chess? El libro del axedrez dados et tablas, by Alfonso X el Sabio, completed in 1283.
Excellent and unique piece of work in its gender and in the history of chess, completed seven hundred years ago, it documentally introduces the game of chess into Europe and confers it the range corresponding to a game of kings and noble and intelligent people.

swindel 30 ( +1 | -1 )
70.000 tulkos,
what could you possibly mean with
"Chess is played in every country in the world. After just two moves for each player, there are over 70,000 different moves that are possible." and what does it have to do with playing of chess all over the world?
atrifix 8 ( +1 | -1 )
After 1. h3 h6 2. a3 a6, there are no more moves possible than there were previously.
tulkos 2 ( +1 | -1 )
yes there are. you can move the rooks!
atrifix 19 ( +1 | -1 )
Yes but the rook pawns can no longer move two spaces, and the rooks have only one more move; hence there are no more moves possible than from the original position.
atrifix 6 ( +1 | -1 )
Actually, there are 2 fewer for each side , since Nh3 (Nh6) and Na3 (Na6) are impossible.
triangulator 3 ( +1 | -1 )
- very interesting facts
tshesmaen 12 ( +1 | -1 )
King March In 1902 Teichmann played the first known game
where a player won by attacking with his king in the
tonlesu 47 ( +1 | -1 )
Richard Teichmann Teichman scarcely ever had sufficient money even to pay his traveling expenses to a tournament, and his diet left very much to be desired. But the great Carlsbad tournament of 1911 showed how much a carefree mind affects the score a player obtains. A few weeks prior to the tournament he inherited a modest sum from his mother. Thus this tournament was the first in his life in which he did not have to battle the exigencies of a pitiful existence. It was a glorious triumph for Teichmann!
_tony_ 229 ( +1 | -1 )
-- I read a legend long time ago-could be true though; who knows- about this eastern emperor that was a devoted chessplayer. He held an amazing streak of victorys, not cause he was all that good, more because he was in the habit of immediately decapitating anyone who came close to beating him at the table, which had a somewhat restraining effect on his opponents ambition to perform at their best, so to speak.

Now, word had spread all up to the royal courts, that among the prisoners of war sentenced to life hard labour, was a young man who was a very strong chessplayer.
The emperor who actually believed that he was as good as everyone would tell him sent for this man, with intent to amuse himself and the court by humiliating the strongest player the enemy had, as it was said.
They sat down and played. The prisoner having nothing to loose anymore didn't have to work very hard to defeat and thoroghly humiliate the emperor within 20 moves.
When he made his final move and mated, the room went quiet, waiting for the emperor to explode in rage.
He stared at the board in shock, for a while, leaned back in his chair and thought for a while. Then he said:
"Let it be known that I have been beaten in a very tight game by the best player in the world!"
The young prisoner burst out in laughter when he heard this.
"The best? No, myLord, I am a very common player in my country, and nothing compared to the best."
The emperor went white. He stood up and left the room without a word. The day after, he sent a despatch to the occupied country, offering a very generous peace treaty. When his generals cried out in dismay of an act of generosity towards an allready defeated enemy, the emperor looked at them and slowly said:
"We will defeat them today, tomorrow, and the day after. But I know of this people now. If a common soldier can do what he did, then what will the generals be able to the day they rise? Trust me, we are very lucky to walk away with a draw!"

The prisoners returned home, among them of course the chessplayer, who's equal at a chessboard the world had never seen.

The emperor moved on to other pleasures, other ways of finding reasons for decapitating, and he was never seen at a chesstable again.
tonlesu 53 ( +1 | -1 )
household servant The victorious American chess team (Folkestone 1933 olympiad) was invited to the luxurious mansion of Sir Uman Hayat Khan. According to Reuben Fine, after being ushered in, the Maharajah said " It is an honor for you to be here; ordinarily I converse only with my greyhounds."

You can imagine our surprise and discomfort when the British chess champion and grandmaster Sultan Khan waited on us like a common servant (which in fact he was according to Indian law). The "Sultan" was not the term of status we supposed it to be; it was merely a first name.
paulvalle 35 ( +1 | -1 )
the longest game Nikolic - Arsovic, Belgrade 1989
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Nf3 O-O 6.Be2 Nbd7 7.O-O e5 8.Re1 Re8 9.Bf1 h6 10.d5 Nh7 11.Rb1 f5 12.Nd2 f4 13.b4 g5 14.Nb3 Bf8 15.Be2 Ndf6 16.c5 g4 17.cxd6 cxd6 18.a3 Ng5 19.Bf1 Re7 20.Qd3 Rg7 21.Kh1 Qe8 22.Nd2 g3 23.fxg3 fxg3 24.Qxg3 Nh3 25.Qf3 Qg6 26.Nc4 Bd7 27.Bd3 Ng5 28.Bxg5 Qxg5 29.Ne3 Re8 30.Ne2 Be7 31.Rbd1 Rf8 32.Nf5 Ng4 33.Neg3 h5 34.Kg1 h4 35.Qxg4 Qxg4 36.Nh6+ Kh7 37.Nxg4 hxg3 38.Ne3 gxh2+ 39.Kxh2 Rh8 40.Rh1 Kg6+ 41.Kg1 Rc8 42.Be2 Rc3 43.Rd3 Rc1+ 44.Nf1 Bd8 45.Rh8 Bb6+ 46.Kh2 Rh7+ 47.Rxh7 Kxh7 48.Nd2 Bg1+ 49.Kh1 Bd4+ 50.Nf1 Bg4 51.Bxg4 Rxf1+ 52.Kh2 Bg1+ 53.Kh3 Re1 54.Bf5+ Kh6 55.Kg4 Re3 56.Rd1 Bh2 57.Rh1 Rg3+ 58.Kh4 Rxg2 59.Kh3 Rg3+ 60.Kxh2 Rxa3 61.Rg1 Ra6 62.Rg6+ Kh5 63.Kg3 Rb6 64.Rg7 Rxb4 65.Bc8 a5 66.Bxb7 a4 67.Bc6 a3 68.Ra7 Rb3+ 69.Kf2 Kg5 70.Ke2 Kf4 71.Ra4 Rh3 72.Kd2 a2 73.Bb5 Rh1 74.Rxa2 Rh2+ 75.Be2 Kxe4 76.Ra5 Kd4 77.Ke1 Rh1+ 78.Kf2 Rc1 79.Bg4 Rc2+ 80.Ke1 e4 81.Be6 Ke5 82.Bg8 Rc8 83.Bf7 Rc7 84.Be6 Rc2 85.Ra8 Rb2 86.Ra6 Rg2 87.Kd1 Rb2 88.Ra5 Rg2 89.Bd7 Rh2 90.Bc6 Kf4 91.Ra8 e3 92.Re8 Kf3 93.Rf8+ Ke4 94.Rf6 Kd3 95.Bb5+ Kd4 96.Rf5 Rh1+ 97.Ke2 Rh2+ 98.Kd1 Rh1+ 99.Kc2 Rh2+ 100.Kc1 Rh1+ 101.Kc2 Rh2+ 102.Kd1 Rh1+ 103.Ke2 Rh2+ 104.Kf1 Rb2 105.Be2 Ke4 106.Rh5 Rb1+ 107.Kg2 Rb2 108.Rh4+ Kxd5 109.Kf3 Kc5 110.Kxe3 Rb3+ 111.Bd3 d5 112.Rh8 Ra3 113.Re8 Kd6 114.Kd4 Ra4+ 115.Kc3 Ra3+ 116.Kd4 Ra4+ 117.Ke3 Ra3 118.Rh8 Ke5 119.Rh5+ Kd6 120.Rg5 Rb3 121.Kd2 Rb8 122.Bf1 Re8 123.Kd3 Re5 124.Rg8 Rh5 125.Bg2 Kc5 126.Rf8 Rh6 127.Bf3 Rd6 128.Re8 Rc6 129.Ra8 Rb6 130.Rd8 Rd6 131.Rf8 Ra6 132.Rf5 Rd6 133.Kc3 Rd8 134.Rg5 Rd6 135.Rh5 Rd8 136.Rf5 Rd6 137.Rf8 Ra6 138.Re8 Rc6 139.Ra8 Rb6 140.Ra5+ Rb5 141.Ra1 Rb8 142.Rd1 Rd8 143.Rd2 Rd7 144.Bg2 Rd8 145.Kd3 Ra8 146.Ke3 Re8+ 147.Kd3 Ra8 148.Kc3 Rd8 149.Bf3 Rd7 150.Kd3 Ra7 151.Bg2 Ra8 152.Rc2+ Kd6 153.Rc3 Ra2 154.Bf3 Ra8 155.Rb3 Ra5 156.Ke3 Ke5 157.Rd3 Rb5 158.Kd2 Rc5 159.Bg2 Ra5 160.Bf3 Rc5 161.Bd1 Rc8 162.Bb3 Rc5 163.Rh3 Kf4 164.Kd3 Ke5 165.Rh5+ Kf4 166.Kd4 Rb5 167.Bxd5 Rb4+ 168.Bc4 Ra4 169.Rh7 Kg5 170.Rf7 Kg6 171.Rf1 Kg5 172.Kc5 Ra5+ 173.Kc6 Ra4 174.Bd5 Rf4 175.Re1 Rf6+ 176.Kc5 Rf5 177.Kd4 Kf6 178.Re6+ Kg5 179.Be4 Rf6 180.Re8 Kf4 181.Rh8 Rd6+ 182.Bd5 Rf6 183.Rh1 Kf5 184.Be4+ Ke6 185.Ra1 Kd6 186.Ra5 Re6 187.Bf5 Re1 188.Ra6+ Ke7 189.Be4 Rc1 190.Ke5 Rc5+ 191.Bd5 Rc7 192.Rg6 Rd7 193.Rh6 Kd8 194.Be6 Rd2 195.Rh7 Ke8 196.Kf6 Kd8 197.Ke5 Rd1 198.Bd5 Ke8 199.Kd6 Kf8 200.Rf7+ Ke8 201.Rg7 Rf1 202.Rg8+ Rf8 203.Rg7 Rf6+ 204.Be6 Rf2 205.Bd5 Rf6+ 206.Ke5 Rf1 207.Kd6 Rf6+ 208.Be6 Rf2 209.Ra7 Kf8 210.Rc7 Rd2+ 211.Ke5 Ke8 212.Kf6 Rf2+ 213.Bf5 Rd2 214.Rc1 Rd6+ 215.Be6 Rd2 216.Rh1 Kd8 217.Rh7 Rd1 218.Rg7 Rd2 219.Rg8+ Kc7 220.Rc8+ Kb6 221.Ke5 Kb7 222.Rc3 Kb6 223.Bd5 Rh2 224.Kd6 Rh6+ 225.Be6 Rh5 226.Ra3 Ra5 227.Rg3 Rh5 228.Rg2 Ka5 229.Rg3 Kb6 230.Rg4 Rb5 231.Bd5 Rc5 232.Rg8 Rc2 233.Rb8+ Ka5 234.Bb3 Rc3 235.Kd5 Rc7 236.Kd4 Rd7+ 237.Bd5 Re7 238.Rb2 Re8 239.Rb7 Ka6 240.Rb1 Ka5 241.Bc4 Rd8+ 242.Kc3 Rh8 243.Rb5+ Ka4 244.Rb6 Rh3+ 245.Bd3 Rh5 246.Re6 Rg5 247.Rh6 Rc5+ 248.Bc4 Rg5 249.Ra6+ Ra5 250.Rh6 Rg5 251.Rh4 Ka5 252.Rh2 Rg3+ 253.Kd4 Rg5 254.Bd5 Ka4 255.Kc5 Rg3 256.Ra2+ Ra3 257.Rb2 Rg3 258.Rh2 Rc3+ 259.Bc4 Rg3 260.Rb2 Rg5+ 261.Bd5 Rg3 262.Rh2 Rc3+ 263.Bc4 Rg3 264.Rh8 Ka3 265.Ra8+ Kb2 266.Ra2+ Kb1 267.Rf2 Kc1 268.Kd4 Kd1 269.Bd3 Rg7 1/2-1/2
scotty 2 ( +1 | -1 )
and after all of that.. it ended in a draw!
tulkos 1045 ( +1 | -1 )
hey,here's some more trivia! A Computer Program named Deep Thought beat an International Grand Master for the first time in November 1988 in Long Beach, California.

The longest game theoretically possible is 5,949 moves.

Judit Polgar (1976- ), at the age of 9 in 1986, won the unrated section of the NY Open, winning 7 games and 1 game drawn. At 11 she was rated 2350 and earned an International Master title, younger than Fischer or Kasparov. At age 12 she was rated 2555 and was awarded the Woman Gm title. At 13 she was the FIDE's highest rated woman. Grandmaster at age 15 years, 4 months, and 27 days.

In the match between Britton and Crouch in 1984, the Black player did Check his opponent forty three consecutive times!

The record of moves without capture is of 100 moves during the Match between Thorton and M. Walker in 1992.

After each side has played three moves, the pieces could form any one of over nine million possible positions on the board.

The 12th and last Inca Emperor of Peru, Atahualpa (1500-1533), who was imprisoned by Francisco Pizarro and the Spanish Conquistadors in 1533 in Cajamarca Peru, learned Chess by watching his guards play and before long, he was beating them all.

In 1985, the Soviet player Garry Kasparov became the youngest World Chess Champion ever at the age of 22 years and 210 days.

The longest time for a Castling move to take place was the match game between Bobotsor vs. Irkov in 1966: 46. 0-0

The Chinese Emperor Wen-ti executed two foreign Chess Players after learning that one of the pieces was called 'Emperor.' He was upset that his title of Emperor could be associated with a mere game and forbade the game.

The longest time recorded for a Chess player to make a move, goes to the International Grand Master Trois from Brazil with 2 hours and 20 minutes on the 7th move.

The first Chessboard with alternating light and dark squares appears in Europe in 1090.

A boy gave General Rahl of the British Army a note from a spy that George Washington was about to cross the Delaware and attack. The general was so immersed in a Chess game that he put the note in his pocket unopened. There it was found when he was mortally wounded in the subsequent battle.

During World War II, some of the top Chess players were also code breakers. British masters Harry Golombek, Stuart Milner-Barry and H. O'D. Alexander were on the team which broke the Nazi Enigma code.

The number of possible ways of playing the first four moves per side in a game of Chess is 318,979,564,000.

The first mention of Chess in America occurred in the year of 1641 in Esther Singleton's history of Dutch settlers. The first American Chess tournament was held in New York in 1843.

As late as 1561, Castling was two moves. You had to play R-KB1 on one move and K-KN1 on the next move.

During the 1972 Fischer-Spassky match in Rekjavik, the Russians linked Spassky's erratic play with Fischer's chair. The Icelandic organization put a 24-hour Police guard around the chair while chemical and x-ray tests were performed on the chair. Nothing unusual was found.

Ray Charles, the legendary Genius of Soul, learned Chess in 1965 after being busted and hospitalized for heroin addiction. He learned Chess in the hospital where he went cold turkey.

Rookies or, players in their first year, are named after the Rook in Chess. Rooks generally are the last pieces to be moved into action, and the same goes for Rookies.

There are 169,518,829,100,544,000 ways to play the first ten moves in a game of Chess.

The word "Checkmate" in Chess comes from the Persian phrase "Shah Mat," which means "the King is dead."

The first mechanical Chess Clock was invented by Thomas Wilson in 1883. Prior to that, Sandglasses were used. Sandglasses were first used in London in 1862. The present day push-button Clock was first perfected by Veenhoff in 1900.

The first Computer program that played proper Chess was written at MIT by Alex Bernstein in 1959. The first Chess tournament in which the only players were Computer programs was held in New York in 1970.

There were 72 consecutive Queen moves in the Mason-Mackenzie game at London in 1882.

John Lennon and Ringo Starr played chess. Yoko Ono, Lennon's widow, is an avid chess player and supporter.

BELLE, the first Computer awarded the title of U.S. Chess Master, in 1983. BELLE won the 1980 World Computer Championship in Linz, running on a PDP 11/23. BELLE was created by Ken Thompson and Joe Condon.

Blathy, Otto (1860-1939), credited for creating the longest Chess Problem, mate in 290 moves.

Albert Einstein was a good friend of World Chess Champion Emanuel Lasker. In an interview with the New York Times in 1936 Albert said, "I do not play any games. There is no time for it. When I get through work I don't want anything which requires the working of the mind." He did take up Chess in his later life.

The shortest game ending in mate after two moves: 1. g4 e6 or e5, 2. f3 or f4 Qh4 mate.

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), wrote the first Chess article published in America: "The Morals of Chess."

The Police raided a Chess Tournament in Cleveland in 1973, arrested the Tournament director and confiscated the Chess sets on charges of allowing gambling (cash prizes to winners) and possession of gambling devices (the Chess sets.)

Iran, the only country in the world that bans Chess. Ayatollah Khomeini banned the game because "it hurts memory and may cause brain damage." He also said Chess contributes to a war-mongering mentality.

Anatoly Karpov, the first world champion to win the title without playing a Chess match. He got the title in 1975 when Fischer refused to defend his title. Anatoly became a Candidate Master at the age of 11, a Master at 15, an International Grandmaster at 19, and World Champion at 24.

The number of possibilities of a Knight's tour is over 122 million.

Labourdonnais and MacDonnell played 85 games, the largest number of games ever played successively in match conditions. Neither knew a word of the other's language. Labourdonnais spent his time spitting, cursing, singing, and laughing. MacDonnell spent up to an hour and a half to make a single move.

In 1985, Eric Knoppert played 500 games of 10-minute Chess in 68 hours.

Lewis Chessmen is the oldest known Chess pieces in existence, carved from walrus ivory. Seventy-eight pieces were found in a stone chamber in a sand bank on the west coast of the Isle of Lewis in 1831. They date back to 1150-1170. The pieces were discovered by a peasant who found a mysterious stone building buried under several feet of sand. The pieces reside in the British Museum and the National Museum in Edinburgh. The most striking piece is the Rook, which is the form of a captain afoot, rather than a castle.

The longest Chess game is 269 moves (I. Nikolic - Arsovic, Belgrade 1989) which ended in a draw.

Frank Marshall (1877-1944) was the first American to defeat a Soviet player in an international tournament in New York, 1924. He reigned as U.S. Champion for 30 years, but only defended his title once when he defeated Ed Lasker (5-4) in 1923. He was the first master to play more than 100 games simultaneously.

The worst loss by a player was Macleod of Canada who lost 31 games in the New York double-round robin of 1889.

The youngest Master was Jordy Mont-Reynaud at 10 years, 7 months (1994). The oldest player to become a Chess Master was Oscar Shapiro, at age 74.

There are eight different ways to Mate in two moves and 355 different ways to Mate in three moves.

Mephisto Portorose, is one of the strongest commercially available Chess microcomputers. In 1990 defeated Karpov, Huebner, and Bronstein in simultaneous exhibitions, won the West German blitz championship, and earned an International Master (IM) norm by scoring 7-4 in the Dortmond Open.

The United States is the only country to defeat the USSR twice in the Chess Olympiad.

There are 400 different possible positions after one move each. There are 72,084 different possible positions after two moves each. There are over 9 million different possible positions after three moves each. There are over 288 billion different possible positions after four moves each. The number of distinct 40-move games is far greater than the number of electrons in the observable universe.

The new Pawn move, advancing two squares on its first move instead of one, was first introduced in Spain in 1280.

In the 15th century, promotion to allow more than one Queen was considered improper because it symbolized adultery. In Spain and Italy in the 17th century, the Pawn could only be promoted to the rank of Queen. In France and Germany, promotion was limited to any piece which had been lost. In some countries a player could promote a Pawn to an enemy piece so as to force stalemate. The current law in Pawn promotion was established at the first International Tournament in 1851.

The most popular PBS TV show aired was the 1972 Bobby Fischer-Boris Spassky Chess match.

The very first postage stamp depicting a Chess motif was issued in Bulgaria in 1947.

The first child prodigy of Chess was Paul Morphy. He learned the moves at the age of 8 and beat the strongest players in New Orleans at 11.

Yasser Seirawan (1960- ), first American to beat a reigning World Champion. He defeated Anatoly Karpov in 1982.

The first Chess game between space and earth was played on June 9, 1970 by the Soyez-9 crew. The game ended in a draw.

Kirk and Spock have played Chess three times on STAR TREK. Kirk won every game.

David Strauss (1946- ), first International Master to lose to a Computer. In 1986, an experimental Fidelity machine defeated Strauss at the 1986 U.S. Open.

The Anderssen-Kolisch match in 1861 was the first time a time-limit was used. An hour-glass gave each player 2 hours to make 24 moves.

Dr. Emanuel Lasker from Germany retained the World Chess Champion title for more time than any other player ever: 26 years and 337 days.

tulkos 148 ( +1 | -1 )
and some more! Frank Marshall was a very strong and flashy player. He took risks; he sacrificed pieces; and he played some of the most brilliant moves of all time. In 1907, he lost a one-sided match to Emanuel Lasker for the World Championship. I recommend Marshall's book. The games are all highly entertaining. My favorite is this game (game 9 in the book), given here with Marshall's whimsical annotations in [brackets]:

F. J. Marshall - Amos Burn, Paris 1900

[Britisher Amos Burn was a very conservative player and liked to settle down for a long session of close, defensive chess. He loved to smoke his pipe while he studied the board. As I made my second move, Burn began hunting through his pockets for his pipe and tobacco] 1 P-Q4 P-Q4 2 P-QB4 P-K3 3 N-QB3 N-KB3 4 B-N5 B-K2 [Not much thought needed on these moves, but Burn had his pipe out and was looking for a pipe cleaner] 5 P-K3 O-O 6 N-B3 P-QN3 7 B-Q3 B-N2 8 PXP PXP [He began filling up his pipe. I speeded up my moves] 9 BxN BxB 10 P-KR4 [Made him think on that one -- and he still didn't have the pipe going. The threat is BxP+ KxB N-N5+, known as the Pillsbury attack] 10...P-N3 11 P-R5 R-K1 12 PxP RPxP [Now he was looking for matches] 13 Q-B2 B-N2 14 BxP! PxB [He struck a match, appeared nervous. The match burned his fingers and went out] 15 QxP N-Q2 [Another match was on its way] 16 N-KN5 Q-B3 [He was puffing away and lighting up at last. No time left] 17 R-R8+ Resigns [For if 17...KxR 18 Q-R7 mate. Poor Burn. I think I swindled him out of that one. If he could only have got his pipe going, it might have been a different story. He took it good-naturedly and we shook hands. Then his pipe went out]

tulkos 15 ( +1 | -1 )
ouch, wouldn't want one of those to hit me! And Marshall tells us that after the game Lewitsky - Marshall, Breslau 1912, the spectators did indeed shower him with gold pieces.
tonlesu 87 ( +1 | -1 )
Marshall Schonberg's "Grandmasters of Chess" p155 " It was Marshall who had played one of the most sensational moves in chess history against levitzky at Breslau 1912. It used to be said that when Marshall made the famous twentythird move, the chessboard was showered with gold pieces. It should have been, but the story is apocryphal. Chess audiences do not have pieces of gold to throw away. But nevertheless that move was legendary."

I recall reading (I believe Duras) who came equal first in the tournament with Rubinstein that there was heavy betting amongst the backers of levitzky and Marshall. Marshall was not having a good tournament. At the conclusion of the game the backers of levitzky dropped their coins on the board (to pay off the losing bets). So, in effect, Marshall was not lying when he said the board was showered with gold coins.
nimzoredivivus 24 ( +1 | -1 )
Marshall-Burn Being a pipesmoker I can empathize with Burn! I can
picture the whole event in my mind and just about
fell off my chair as I was laughing so hard. That has
to be the funniest game annotation I have ever
read! Thanks tulkos!
lloydg 60 ( +1 | -1 )
Chess problem I found this chess problem in the book "the Fireside Book of Chess" by Irving Chernev & Fred Reinfeld it says that J N Babson composed for Brentano's Chess Monthly in 1882: (I don't know how to draw a board)
But Black Nd8, Black Ke8 (all other pieces and pawns are white) (P=pawn just to clarify)
This were his terms: Mate on the 1220th move, after compelling Black to make three successive and complete Knight's tours!
Well good luck becuase I don't have the answer!! (haha) I don't even know what a complete Knight's
tour is?
tonlesu 66 ( +1 | -1 )
Strength Everyone knows Kasparov cracks wallnuts with his bare hands. Nunn talks in his second game collection about the drawing of lots at a swedish tournament. The lots were on the bottoms of gold bars, and the players were warned that the bars were to heavy to be picked up with one hand. Nunn says that immediately after this was said Kasparov began flexing his right hand, obviously determined to draw his lot one handed. He tried, but failed and had to use both hands.

On the other hand, Portisch picked up his bar one handed with no apparent strain. He may be in his 60's, but you dont want to f### with him in a dark alley!
tulkos 12 ( +1 | -1 )
I think a knights tour is when you move a knight so as to touch every square on the board. (of course,you use the proper knight move.) there was a man who could do this blindfolded.
tonlesu 50 ( +1 | -1 )
koltanowski is the man you are thinking of. The knights tour was part of his lecture routine. He would have the audience call out a square and he would start from that square and as the knight made a move he would place a penny on the square until the board was covered with pennies (blindfold). As a variant on this theme, as the knight landed on a square the audience would name different cities, At the conclusion of the tour he would begin again naming the city of each square by memory.
tulkos 2 ( +1 | -1 )
:8-0 what a memory!
tonlesu 19 ( +1 | -1 )
Kolty Great chess personality. Wrote a daily column for the San Francisco Chronicle for 50 years. During the Fischer boom (70's) he had a daily chess program on PBS. Great program, I always watched it!